EI Meta-WP Series

EINITE Meta-WP Series


This Meta-Working Paper series lists working papers on the history of economic inequality published in official working papers series worldwide. Only contributions written in English and published online since 2010 are included. Papers concerning the period from 1950 until today are included only if they cover at least 40 years of history. If you prefer your paper be removed from the list, or to suggest the inclusion of a paper, please email: guido.alfani@unibocconi.it.

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Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
Wages, income distribution and economic growth in ScandinaviaBengtsson, Stockhammer 1900-2010October, 2018
A Workers’ Revolution in Sweden? Exploring Economic Growth and Distributional Change with Detailed Data on Construction Workers’ Wages, 1831–1900Ericsson, Molinder1831-1900October, 2018
Decomposing Economic Inequality in Early Modern Venice (ca. 1650-1800)Viale, Demo,  Ricciuti1650-1800October, 2018
Labour Shares and Income Inequality: Insights from Italian Economic History, 1895-2015Gabbuti1895-2015October, 2018
Social mobility in nineteenth century Spain : Valencia, 1841-1870Santiago-Caballero1841-1870October, 2018
A Different Perspective on the Evolution of UK Income InequalityAtkinson and Jenkins1961-2010October, 2018
Historical Patterns of Inequality and Productivity around Financial CrisesPascal1870-2013October, 2018
The wealth of the Swedish peasant farmer class 1750–1900 : Composition and distributionBengtsson, Svensson1750–1900September, 2018
Inequality in Colonial IndiaTirthankar Roy1858-1947September, 2018
Top Incomes in Germany, 1871-2014Bartels1871-2014September, 2018
Growth Volatility and Inequality in the U.S.: A Wavelet Analysis Chang, Gupta, Miller,  Wohar 1917-2015 and 1962-2014 June, 2018
Economic inequality in Madrid, 1500-1840 Fernández, Santiago-Caballer 1500-1840June, 2018
Inequality in pre-income survey times: a methodological proposalLezama and Willebald1870-1912June, 2018
Unions and Inequality Over the Twentieth Century: New Evidence from Survey DataFarber,  Herbst,  Kuziemko,  Naidu1936-2018May, 2018
The Kuznets Curve on Income Distribution Does Not Hold in China: A Critical Assessment He,  Zou 221 B.C.-1644April, 2018
The Distribution of Gains from GlobalizationLang , Mendes Tavares1970-2014 March, 2018
Mobility and Continuity of Political Elites over Phases of Regime ChangeMatsumoto, Okazaki1868-1915March, 2018
Regional Economic Development in Europe, 1900-2010: a description of the PatternsRosés,  Wolf1900-2010March, 2018
Latin American Household Budget Surveys 1913-1970 and What They Tell Us about Economic Inequality among Households Gazeley,  Holmes, Lanata Briones, Newell, Reynolds,  Rufrancos1913-1970March, 2018
Intergenerational Earnings Persistence and Economic Inequality in the Long-Run: Evidence from French Cohorts, 1931-1975 Lefranc 1931-1975 March, 2018
Globalization and Income Inequality RevisitedDorn, Fuest, Potrafke1970-2014January, 2018
Poor country, rich history, many lessons: The evolution of wealth-income ratios in India 1860-2012Rishabh1860-2012January, 2018
Intergenerational mobility in the 19th century: micro-level evidence from the city of ZurichFavre, Floris, Woitek1780-1870January, 2018



Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
Between Malthus and the industrial take-off: regional inequality in Sweden, 1571-1850Enflo, Missiaia1571-1850December, 2017
Philippine Inequality across the Twentieth Century: Slim Evidence but Fat QuestionsWilliamson1903-2000December, 2017
Inequality, Foreign Investment, and ImperialismHauner, Milanovic, Naidu1860-1914November, 2017
Distribution, wealth and demand regimes in historical perspective. USA, UK, France and Germany, 1855-2010 Stockhammer, Rabinovich, Reddy1855-2010November, 2017
Household Wealth Trends in the United States, 1962 to 2016: Has Middle Class Wealth Recovered?Wolff1960-2016November, 2017
Inequality in an Equal SocietyHarvey, Mierau, Rockey1962-2016November, 2017
The Dynamics of Inequality in the Human Story: A Brief SketchWisman-October, 2017
Indian income inequality, 1922-2014: From British Raj to Billionaire Raj ?Chancel, Piketty1922-2014October, 2017
The Rise and Future of Progressive RedistributionLindert1870-2010October, 2017
What Really Happened to British Inequality in the Early 20th Century? Evidence from National Household Expenditure Surveys 1890–1961 Gazeley, Newell, Reynolds, Rufrancos1980-1961October, 2017
Is inequality increasing in r-g? Piketty’s principle of capitalist economics and the dynamics of inequality in Britain, 1210-2013Madsen1210-2013October, 2017
How does inequality affect long-run growth?Gutiérrez-Romero1820-2010September, 2017
Ethnic Differences in Demographic Behavior in the United States: What Can We Learn from Vital Statistics about Inequality?Haines1920-2017September, 2017
Kuznets Curve for the US: A Reconsideration Using CosummabilityAdnen, Balcilar, Akadiri, Gupta 1917-2012September, 2017
Educational inequality and intergenerational mobility in Latin America: A new databasNeidhöfer, Serrano, Gasparini 1940-1990August, 2017
From Soviets to Oligarchs: Inequality and Property in Russia, 1905-2016Novokmet, Piketty, Zucman1905-2016August, 2017
Income and Wealth Inequality in America, 1949-2013Kuhn, Schularick, Steins1943-2013August, 2017
Consumption and Income Inequality in the U.S. Since the 1960sMeyer, Sullivan1960-2014August, 2017
Income Concentration in British India, 1885-1946 Alvaredo, Bergeron, Cassan1885-1946June, 2017
Politics, Not Economics, Ultimately Drives InequalityWisman1945-2017June, 2017
Distributional Consequences of CapitalAccumulation, Globalisation and Financialisation in the USKaranassou, Sala1968-2014May, 2017
Class Structure and Inequality during the Industrial Revolution: Lessons from England’s Social Tables, 1688-1867 Allen 1688-1867May, 2017
Global Earnings Inequality, 1970–2015Hammar, Waldenström1970-2015May, 2017
A history of inequality: top incomes in Brazil, 1926–2015 Ferreira de Souza 1926–2015 April, 2017
Income Inequality in France, 1900-2014: Evidence from Distributional National AccountsGarbinti,  Goupille-Lebret, Piketty1900-2014April, 2017
Capital Accumulation, Private Property and Rising Inequality in China, 1978-2015Piketty, Yang, Zucman1978-2015April, 2017
Income inequality in New Zealand, 1935 to 2014Creedy, Gemmell, Nguyen1935-2013March, 2017
Evolution of Tax Progressivity in the U.S.: New Estimates and Welfare ImplicationsNavarro, Ferriere, Feenberg 1960-2008February, 2017
Immigration and the Rise of American IngenuityAkcigit, Grigsby, Nicholas1880-2000February, 2017
Accounting for Wealth Inequality Dynamics: Methods, Estimates and Simulations for France (1800-2014)Garbinti,  Goupille-Lebret, Piketty1800-2014January, 2017
Income Inequality in Colonial Africa: Building Social Tables for Pre-Independence Central African Republic, Ivory Coast, and SenegalAlfani, Tadei1939-2015January, 2017
Australian Exceptionalism? Inequality and Living Standards 1821-1871Panza, Williamson 1821-1871January, 2017
The Wealth of the Richest: Inequality and the Nobility in Sweden, 1750–1900Bengtsson, Missiaia, Olsson, Svensson1750-1900January, 2017
Constructing equality? : Women’s wages for physical labor, 1550-1759Gary1550-1759January, 2017
Top Wealth Shares in the UK over more than a CenturyAlvaredo, Atkinson, Morelli1895-2016January, 2017
Australian Exceptionalism? Inequality and Living Standards 1821-1871Panza, Williamson1821-1871January, 2017
Inheritance Flows in Switzerland, 1911-2011Bruhlart, Dupertuis, Moreau1911-2011January, 2017


Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
The Rise of the Working Rich, Market Imperfections, and Income InequalityChhy1950-2013December, 2016
Distributional National Accounts: Methods and Estimates for the United StatesPiketty, Saez, Zucman1913-2016December, 2016
Inequality, Financial Development and Economic Growth in the OECD, 1870-2011Madsen, Islam, Doucouliagos1870-2011December, 2016
Wealth and inequality in eight centuries of British capitalismMadsen1210-2013December, 2016
The Fading American Dream: Trends in Absolute Income Mobility Since 1940Chetty, Grusky, Hell, Hendren, Manduca, Narang1940-2010December, 2016
Purchasing Power Disparity before 1914Lindert<1914December, 2016
Towards an explanation of inequality in pre-modern societies:the role of colonies and high population densityMilanovic330 BCE-1938November, 2016
Pareto and the upper tail of the income distribution in the UK: 1799 to the presentAtkinson1799-2016October, 2016
On the measurement of long-run income inequality. Empirical evidence from Norway, 1875-2013Aaberge, Atkinson, Modalsli 1875-2013October, 2016
Reversal of the Kuznets curve: Study on the inequality–development relation using top income shares dataTuominen1900-2010September, 2016
Two different sources of inequalities: profits and rents in advanced market economiesMihalyi, Szelenyi1965-2015August, 2016
What is the Contribution of Intra-household Inequality to Overall Income Inequality? Evidence from Global Data, 1973-2013Malghan, Swaminathan1973-2013August, 2016
The paradox of land reform, inequality and local development in ColombiaFaguet, Sanches, Villaveces1961-2010July, 2016
The regional dispersion of income inequality in nineteenth-century NorwayModalsli1814-1900June, 2016
Regional human capital inequality in Europe in the long run, 1850 – 2010Diebolt, Hippe1850-2010June, 2016
Inequality and the New DealBelabed1913-1941May, 2016
Trends in Mediterranean Inequalities 1950-2015Daniele, Malanima1950-2015April, 2016
Intergenerational mobility in the very long run: Florence 1427-2011Barone, Mocetti1427-2011April, 2016
Income Distribution in Prewar JapanOkazaki 1885-1940April, 2016
The rich in historical perspective. Evidence for preindustrial Europe (ca. 1300-1800)Alfani1300-1800March, 2016
Explaining regional inequality from the periphery: The mexican case, 1900-2000Retureta1900-2000March, 2016
Comparing Income and Wealth Inequality in Pre-Industrial Economies: Lessons from 18th-Century SpainNicolini, Ramos Palencia1750March, 2016
The Accumulation, Inheritance, and Concentration of Wealth during the Gilded Age: An Exception to Thomas Piketty’s AnalysisSutch1870-1817January, 2016
Inequality and the working class in Scandinavia 1800 to 1910 - Workers' share of growing incomeBengtsson1800-1910January, 2016
Private Wealth in a Developing Country: A South African Perspective on PikettyOrthofer1970-2010January, 2016
The Effect of a Massive Wage Push on Income Distribution and Employment. Evidence from the 1920 Eight-Hour Workday Reform in Sweden and Its AftermathBengtsson, Molinder1910-1929January, 2016


Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
The One-Percent across Two Centuries: A Replication of Thomas Piketty’s Data on the Distribution of Wealth for the United StatesSutch1810-2010December, 2015
Family Patterns and Social Inequality among Children in the United States 1940-2012: A Re-assessmentFahey 1940-2012December, 2015
Income distribution in rural Buenos Aires, 1839-1867Bértola, Gelman, Such1839-1867December, 2015
Capital shares and income inequality: Evidence from the long runBengtsson, Waldenstrom1870-2000December, 2015
A closer look at the long-term patterns of regional income inequality in Spain: the poor stay poor (and stay together)Tirado-Fabregat, Diez-Minguela , Martinez-Galarraga1860-2010October, 2015
Gender income disparity in the USA: analysis and dynamic modellingKitov, Kitov1930-2014October, 2015
Wealth-income ratios in a small, late-industrializing, welfare-state economy: Sweden, 1810–2014Waldenstrom1810-2014October, 2015
The Political Economy of the Top 1% in an Age of Turbulence: Chile 1913-1973Weber1913-1973September, 2015
The evolution of wealth inequality over half a century: the role of skills, taxes and institutionsPoschke, Kaymak1960-2010September, 2015
What Drives Inequality?Wisman1950-2013September, 2015
Was there a ‘Little Convergence’ in inequality? Italy and the Low Countries compared, ca. 1500-1800Alfani, Ryckbosch1500-1800September, 2015
Income Distribution and the Great DepressionBelabed1920-1929June, 2015
Convergence in Income Inequality: Further Evidence from the Club Clustering Methodology across the U.S. StatesApergis, Christou, Gupta, Miller1929-2009June, 2015
Land Access Inequality and Education in Pre-industrial SpainBeltrán Tapia, Martínez-Galarraga1860May, 2015
Income inequality in China: Testing the Kuznets Hypothesis with National Time Series and Provincial Panel Data 1978-2011Cheng, Wu1978-2011May, 2015
Persistence vs. Reversal and Agglomeration Economies vs. Natural Resources. Regional inequality in Argentina in the first half of the twentieth centuryAráoz, Nicolini1914-1953May, 2015
Inequality and poverty in a developing economy: Evidence from regional data (Spain, 1860-1930)Beltran Tapia, Martinez-Galarrage 1860-1930May, 2015
National income and its distribution in preindustrial Poland in a global perspectiveMalinowski, Van Zanden1410-1910May, 2015
A spectre has haunted the west: did socialism discipline income inequality?Albuquerque Sant'Anna1960-2010April, 2015
Income inequality in Chile since 1850Rodríguez, Weber 1850-2009April, 2015
Historical   Patterns   of   Gender   Inequality   in   Latin  America:   New EvidenceCamou1940-2000April, 2015
Regional income distribution in Mexico: new long-term evidence, 1895-2010Aguilar-Retureta 1895–2010April, 2015
Functional Inequality in Latin America: News from the Twentieth CenturyAstorga1900-2011April, 2015
Changing Income Inequality and Structural Transformation The Case of Botswana 1921-2010Hillbom, Bolt1921-2010March, 2015
Long-term trends in income distribution a global perspectiveObst1960-2012February, 2015
Industrial Structure, Prefectural Inequality, and Convergence in Pre-war Japan (1874-1940)Settsu1874-1940February, 2015
The Income Distribution in the UK: A Picture of Advantage and DisadvantageJenkins1961-2013February, 2015
Latin American Inequality: Colonial Origins, Commodity Booms, or a Missed 20th Century Leveling?Williamson1492-2013January, 2015
A Colonial Legacy of African Gender Inequality? Evidence from Christian Kampala, 1895-2011Meier zu Selhausen, Weisdorf1895-2011January, 2015



Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
Economic inequality and poverty in the very long run: The case of the Florentine State  (late thirteenth-early nineteenth centuries)Alfani, Ammannati1277-1792December, 2014
What Do We Know About Evolution of Top Wealth Shares in the United States?Kopczuk1913-2013December, 2014
Cooperating against inequality? War and commons in Renaissance LombardyDi Tullio1476-1559December, 2014
Economic inequality and growth before the industrial revolution: A case study of the Low Countries (14th-19th centuries)Ryckbosch1350-1850November, 2014
Wealth Inequality in the United States since 1913: Evidence from Capitalized Income Tax DataSaez, Zucman1913-2013October, 2014
Inequality and Wealth Creation in Ancient History: Malthus' Theory ReconsideredSvizzero, Tisdell
September, 2014
Inherited wealth over the path of development: Sweden, 1810–2010Ohlsson, Roine, Waldenstrom1810-2010August, 2014
Inequality is bad for growth of the poor (but not for that of the rich)van der Weide, Milanovic1960-2010July, 2014
Wealth and Inheritance in the Long RunPiketty, Zucman1750-2013July, 2014
Long run trends in the distribution of income and wealthRoine, Waldenstrom1870-2010April, 2014
Economic inequality in northwestern Italy: A long-term view (fourteenth to eighteenth centuries)Alfani1300-1800March, 2014
The Wages of Women in England, 1260-1850Humphries, Weisdorf1260-1850March, 2014
The colonial legacyAtkinson1917-1990February, 2014
Evolution of Land Distribution in West Bengal 1967-2004: Role of Land Reform and Demographic ChangesBardhan, Luca, Mookherjee, Pino1967-2004January, 2014
Gender Discrimination in Property RightsCasari, Lisciandra1200-1900January, 2014
Inequality and biological welfare during the mining boom: Rio Tinto, 1836-1935Martínez-Carrión, Pérez de Perceval Verde, Soto1836-1935January, 2014
Global interpersonal inequality : trends and measurementNiño-Zarazúa, Roope, Tarp1975-2005January, 2014
American colonial incomes 1650-1774Lindert, Williamson1650-1774January, 2014


Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
Surnames and social mobility: England 1230-2012Clark, Cummins1230-2012November, 2013
Wealth and Inheritance in Britain from 1896 to the PresentAtkinson1896-2006November, 2013
Inequality from a global perspective: An alternative approachEdward, Summers1980-2010August, 2013
Inequality (un)perceived: The emergence of a discourse on economic inequality from the Middle Ages to the Age of RevolutionsAlfani, Frigeni1100-1830July, 2013
East of Eden: Polish living standards in a European perspective, ca. 1500-1800Malinowski1500-1800June, 2013
Russian Serfdom, Emancipation, and Land Inequality: New EvidenceNafziger1858-1905May, 2013
The top 1 percent in International and Historical PerspectiveAlvaredo, Atkinson, Piketty, Saez1913-2011May, 2013
Top Wealth Shares in Australia 1915-2012Katic, Leigh1915-2012March, 2013
If Technology Has Arrived Everywhere, Why Has Income Diverged?Comin, Mestieri1820-2000March, 2013
The First Great Divergence and the Evolution of Cross-Country Income Inequality during the Last Millennium: the Role of Institutions and CultureMadsen, Yan950-1850March, 2013
The long-run history of income inequality in Denmark: Top incomes from 1870 to 2010Atkinson, Søgaard1870-2010February, 2013


Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
Coping with regional inequality in Sweden : structural change, migrations and policy, 1860-2000Enflo, Roses1860-2000October, 2012
Financial Reforms and Income InequalityAgnello, Mallick, Sousa1973-2005October, 2012
American incomes 1774-1860Lindert, Williamson1774-1860September, 2012
Land Markets and Inequality: Evidence from Medieval EnglandBekar, Reed1086-1280May, 2012
Wealth and inequality in Italyd'Alessio1965-2010February, 2012
The development of inequality and poverty in Indonesia, 1932-1999Leeuwen, Foldvari1932-1999January, 2012


Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
Inequality of Wealth in the Ottoman Empire: War, Weather, and Long-term Trends in Eighteenth Century KastamonuCosgel, Ergene1713-1802December, 2011
Economic crises and InequalitiesAtkinson, Morelli1910-2010November, 2011
Global inequality: from class to location, from proletarians to migrantsMilanovic, Branko
September, 2011
Wage Inequality and the Labor Market Impact of Economic Transformation: Croatia, 1970-2008Hoffman1970-2008August, 2011
Real wages at the Cape of Good Hope: A long-term perspective, 1652-1912de Zwart1652-1912August, 2011
The rise and fall of income inequality in Latin AmericaGasparini, Lustig
August, 2011
Intergenerational inequalities since baby-boomClerc, Monso, Pouliquen1960-2010June, 2011
A History With Evidence: Income inequality in the Dutch Cape ColonyFourie, von Fintel1700-1757April, 2011
Inequality and growth in the very long run: inferring inequality from data on social groupsModalsli, Jørgen1 - 1947March, 2011
The Long Trace of Inequality: Evidence from Cundinamarca, ColombiaGalán1879-2005February, 2011
The inequality trap. A comparative analysis of social spending between 1880 and 1933Espuelas1880-1933January, 2011
African Real Wages in Asian Perspective, 1880-1940Frankema, van Waijenburg1880-1940January, 2011


Title Author(s)Period CoveredDate
Poverty, Population, Inequality, and Development: the Historical PerspectiveChilosi1820-2001December, 2010
Main Characteristics of the Hungarian Income Inequality as Shown by the Data of the Income Surveys Carried out by the CSO in the Last Half CenturyElteto, Havasi1959-2004November, 2010
The long-term patterns of regional income inequality in Spain (1860-2000)Rosés, Tirado, Galarraga1860-2000October, 2010
The Fruit of the Vine? An Augmented Endowments-Inequality Hypothesis and the Rise of an Elite in the Cape ColonyFourie, Johan, von Fintel, Dieter1663-1773October, 2010
Income inequality in central Spain, 1690-1800Caballero1690-1800October, 2010
Violent Conflict and InequalityBircan, Brück, Vothknecht1960-2005May, 2010

















Last updated 04 January 2019 - 10:48:16